With the progress of the times and the development of society, China’s national leaders, who have gradually realized the importance and necessity of sports, have gradually adjusted policies, so that the national fitness strategy has been deeply implemented, fitness venues and facilities have been significantly improved, the prosperity and development of mass sports events and the continuous improvement of national fitness participation, physical exercise has increasingly become a social consensus. According to statistics, by the end of 2021, the per capita area of sports venues in China has reached 2.41 square meters, and the proportion of people who regularly participate in physical exercise has reached 37.2%. However, in school education, physical education classes are still not taken seriously due to frequent replacements, insufficient class time, and stereotyped curriculum content. The radical reason is the insufficient investment of Education Department funds and the obsolete lack of sports facilities. More so in rural secondary schools, they focus merely on the curriculum of compulsory subjects, while physical education is an accessory to other courses.
As far as I am concerned, physical education is awfully necessary and of profound significance in school education planning. The jumping-off point for educators to establish the discipline is to enable students to cultivate morality, intellectual, physical and aesthetic work, so as to develop into all-around quality talents. Sports is a symbol of social development and the progress of human civilization, and the development level of sports is an important embodiment of a country’s comprehensive national strength and social civilization. It is regarded as an indispensable part of school education and an important means of cultivating talent for all-around development.
First of all, physical education can play an important role in physical enhancement and tempering willpower in school education. Most of the regular sports in school education are jogging and long-distance running, often in the morning and afternoon. Schools require all students to participate every day in order to prevent students from sitting in the classroom for a long time and resulting in a decline in immunity and resistance.
Secondly, endurance projects such as long-distance running and skipping rope emphasize persevering to the end, and not giving up halfway; ball sports such as shot put and tennis require patience, care and acumen, and cannot be impatient and careless.
With the improvement of living conditions, many students are prone to develop a personality that cannot bear hardships and is irritable. Sport allows them to experience the hardships of life, the hard-won triumphs.
At the same time, physical education is an important way to cultivate and develop students’ healthy personalities and is an important carrier for mental health education. Students can not only get the recognition of teachers and students through the display, self-confidence and self-esteem can be improved, but also can continue to overcome physical fitness restrictions, environmental changes and fatigue, tension and other difficulties, and gradually form a conscious, decisive, tenacious will quality.
On the other hand, school sports can cultivate students’ good spirit of unity and cooperation. Solidarity, collaboration and interpersonal skills are indispensable abilities for social activities. In collective sports activities, students can enjoy the process and share joy to achieve common goals through mutual exchange, negotiation, cooperation, restriction and incentive, so as to cultivate and improve the spirit and cohesion of win-win cooperation and consciously form the consciousness of “unity is strength”.
Last but not least, 学生通过体育可以认识志同道合的朋友，满足他们的社交需要。同时竞技体育的自我挑战性、强对抗性和观赏刺激性等特点更能满足不同兴趣爱好的学生对于观赏体育竞赛的需求，这对我国社会体育发展有积极竞技意义。
First of all, from the historical level, according to historical records, ancient school physical education began to appear in a slave society. It has been popularized and developed in modern times. After the founding of new China, the sports system has been continuously improved, sports facilities have been gradually improved, and sports ability has been developed. Secondly, from the economic level, with the rapid deepening of China’s economic and social reform, the improvement of people’s living standards, the implementation of the two-day weekend system and the holiday system provide favorable conditions for the broad masses to actively participate in sports activities. Finally, from the perspective of the demand of the masses, with the continuous improvement of China’s national living standards, the value orientation of the masses has gradually changed from a single survival demand to multiple needs such as fitness, entertainment and self-actualization.
The relevant government departments have issued measures on mass sports, which makes it present an unprecedented vigorous development in this social context. In general, it shows five characteristics, namely diversification, individuation and socialization. According to statistics, by the end of 2021, the per capita area of sports venues in China has reached 2.41 m², and the proportion of people who regularly participate in physical exercise has reached 37.2%. Hence, we can see the necessity and importance of sports among the masses. Moreover, the significance of physical education to school education is as follows.
Firstly, physical exercise is an important means to cultivate students’ good thought and behavior, moral quality and shape a perfect personality. School physical education uses its own advantages to waste no time in educating middle school students in ideology and morality, so as to cultivate students’ good moral qualities. Physical exercise attracts young people with rich activities. Middle school students have strong plasticity at this stage, which is also the key moment for the formation of middle school students’ outlook on life and world. Ideological and moral education through sports activities can better adapt to the age characteristics of teenagers, especially combined with the requirements of the characteristics of different sports, and can comprehensively cultivate the ideological and moral character and personality of middle school students.
At the same time, it can also improve and promote students’ intelligence levels. Physical exercise can promote the growth and development of the human body and the development of function. This includes the material basis of intellectual education – the growth and development of the brain and the whole nervous system. Regular physical exercise can not only improve the exerciser’s ability of attentions, memories, reactions, thinking and imagination, but also make him emotionally stable, cheerful and fatigued.
What’s more, it can improve students’ emotional state as well. Under the pressure of various examinations and homework, young students will produce all kinds of anxious reactions, depression and depression. Physical exercise can transfer the unpleasant emotions and extreme behaviors of students.
Last but not least, students can meet like-minded friends and meet their social needs through sports. At the same time, the characteristics of competitive sports, such as self-challenge, strong antagonism and viewing stimulation, can better meet the needs of students with different interests for viewing sports competitions, which has positive competitive significance for the development of social sports in our country.