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lesson-4我们如何处理不平等

lesson-4我们如何处理不平等

How Can We Deal with Inequity

Sentence 1:
What I remember above all about Harvard was being in the midst of so much energy and intelligence. It could be exhilarating, intimidating, sometimes even discouraging, but always challenging.
对于哈弗,令我印象最深的,莫过于总是沉浸在活力和智慧中的体验:既让人极度兴奋,又令人心生胆怯,有时候甚至让人垂头丧气,但却总是充满了挑战。
above all
最重要的是
in the midst of
在…中途
I’am too busy. I’m in the midst of writing a report.
我很忙,我正在写一篇报告。
The country is in the midst of an economic crisis.
这个国家正在经历经济危机。
intelligence
(n.)智慧
intelligent
(adj.)聪明的
Intelligence Quotient = IQ
智商
exhilarating
(adj.)极度兴奋的
intimidating
(adj.)吓人的,令人紧张的
Girls can be very intimidating when they are angry.
女生在生气的时候是很吓人的。
discouraging
(adj.)让人心灰意冷的
discourage
(v.)使人感到沮丧
encouraging
(adj.)鼓舞人心的
Sentence 2:
But humanity’s greatest advances are not in its discoveries – but in how those discoveries are applied to reduce inequity. Whether through democracy, strong public education, quality health care, or broad economic opportunity – reducing inequity is the highest human achievement.
但是人类最大的进步不是我们的发现,而是如何将这些发现运用于解决不平等的问题。无论通过什么样的方法,例如民主制度、高质量的公共教育、完善的医疗系统、或者更多的经济机会–减少不平等使人类最高的成就。
discovery
(n.)发现
discover
(v.)发现
apply
(v.)申请,应用
application
(n.)申请,应用程序
inequity
(n.)不公平
Sentence 3:
The barrier to change is not to little caring; it is too much complexity. To turn caring into action, we need to see a problem, see a solution, and see the impact. But complexity blocks all three steps.
作出改变的障碍不是关心不足,而是过多的复杂性。要把关心转化为行动,我们需要看到问题、找到解决方案、并且收到成效。但是复杂性阻碍了这三个步骤。
barrier
(n.)障碍
caring
(adj.)有爱心的,关心他人的
complexity
(n.)复杂性
complex
(adj.)复杂的
turn sth. into sth.
使…变成…
The witch turned the prince into a frog.
女巫把王子变成了青蛙。
impact
(n.&v.)影响
It had a significant impact on my life.
=It impacted my life significantly.
这件事对我的人生产生了巨大的影响。
block
(v.)阻碍 (n.)街区
block the road 阻挡道路
block sb’s view 阻挡视线
block sb’s/sth’s progress 阻碍发展
Sentence 4:
Cutting through complexity to find solutions run through four predictable stages:
 determine a goal, find the highest impact approach, deliver the technology ideal for
 that approach, and in the meantime, use the best application of the technology you 
already have.
解决方案的复杂性贯穿于四个可预测的阶段:确定一个目标,找到影响最大的方法,为该方法提供理想的技术,同时,使用你已拥有的技术中最佳的应用程序。
cut through
穿过,克服
run through
贯穿
predictable
(adj.)可预测的,一成不变的
determine
(v.)决定
determination
I really admire her determination, she finished five books in a month.
我真的很佩服她的决心,她一个月读完了5本书。
approach
(n.)方法
We need to adopt another approach.
我们需要换一种思路。
in the meantime
与此同时
Sentence 5:
The magical thing about this network is not just that it collapses distance and makes 
everyone your  neighbor. It also dramatically increases the number of brilliant minds 
we can bring in to work together on the same problem – and that scales up the rate of 
potential innovation to a staggering degree.
网络的神奇之处不仅在于缩短了人与人之间的距离,使每个人都能像邻居一样。它还极大的提升了人们的智慧。我们可以引入更多的聪明人协力解决问题,这使潜在创新的速度增加到了惊人的程度。
collapse
(v.)坍塌
The bridge collapsed because of the typhoon.
这座桥被台风吹塌了。
dramatically
(adv.)极大地,明显地
China’s GDP dramatically increased in the past decades.
中国GDP在过去几十年里有了大幅的提高。
brilliant
(adj.)聪慧的
mind
(n.)头脑,人才
Great minds think alike.
英雄所见略同。
scale up
增加
staggering
(adj.)惊人的
to a staggering degree
到惊人地程度
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